نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی -پژوهشی کاربردی
1 گروه حقوق جزا و جرم شناسی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران
2 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه علوم انتظامی امین، تهران، ایران
3 گروه حقوق عمومی، واحد کرمانشاه، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرمانشاه، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Fair trial in the light of its rules has always been considered relatively part of the Iranian penal system, with developments in the legal system inspired by sacred law and with the complication of criminal offenses, fair trial with observance and observation. In particular, it must be observed by the judicial authority and the litigants. Also, the fair trial methods and mechanisms that are enshrined in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran have some drawbacks, both formally and substantially. The components of fair trial were examined. Purposeful research is part of the problem-based applied research and is an analytical one using documentary method to collect data and information through study of books, fundamental research and articles, and consider the considerations and dimensions of fair trial. Has set. Studying the rules and standards of fair trial showed that in terms of the citizenship-based laws of the sacred law that the Iranian criminal justice system has taken to enforce it, the necessity of maintaining the general order of national sovereignty and the rules of jurisdiction are among the most important considerations of fair trial. These include the respect for the principle of equality and justice, the rule of law, the rule of law, the protection of victims, the defendant and society, human dignity and the prevention of judicial errors. Therefore, a fair trial can be exercised with respect to all legal and ethical guarantees, thereby preventing the defendants' rights from being undermined and other role-makers in the criminal process. However, the principles of fair trial have always been taken into account in the laws of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Maintaining and applying the necessary legal and ethical safeguards can block offenders and individuals who are subject to restrictions on the accused for non-compliance with the rules of fair trial. This article from a doctoral dissertation entitled Principles of Fair Trial in Crimes against Integrity Physical extraction of individuals.