نوع مقاله : مقاله های برگرفته از رساله و پایان نامه
1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین الملل، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قم، قم، ایران
2 دانشیار، گروه حقوق عمومی و بین الملل، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه مفید، قم، ایران
3 دانشیار، گروه حقوق، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Dealing with corruption is now in the focus of domestic law and international law documents. Several international documents have been prepared to deal with corruption, in which corruption in the banking system has also been taken into consideration. Among them, the International Convention against Corruption, the International Convention on Organized Crime and the 1988 Basel Agreement can be mentioned. In Islamic approaches to banking corruption based on some Islamic rules such as; The prohibition of robbery and misappropriation of wealth has been countered. The present article has first examined and analyzed the situation of dealing with banking corruption from the perspective of international law by reviewing international documents, after that the Islamic approaches and teachings of dealing with corruption have been pointed out, so that in this way, the capacities of these two systems in dealing with bank corruption in a historical and analytical way. The conclusion of the research is that the major differences in these two legal systems will cause the non-criminalization of some criminal behaviors, the existence of numerous rule-making institutions in the field of fighting banking corruption, and the lack of a specific rule-making authority in Islamic jurisprudence in the field of fighting banking corruption. .