عنوان مقاله [English]
Marginalization or informal settlements in present terms, the result of rapid urbanization and industrialization, and the urbanization transition to the socio-economic paradigm, the paradigm is the dominant socio-economic and parallel transmission. This phenomenon continues to spread in recent decades with the advent of the information society and if there is no obligation to survive and reproduce. Since the 1980s, empowerment strategies and reform the World Bank initiative to organize informal settlements, people living in these settlements as a problem, but as an asset looks and improve their socio-economic role of facilitator lead the government they have their commitment and empowerment to replace the culture of entitlement and the culture of poverty. The methodology of this study, "analytical", which has been collecting data based on field studies; therefore, the application of strategic analysis, SWOT, TOP empowerment strategies and crisis management in the communities in informal settlements presented Eslamshahr Is. And also can be said with integrated management and efficient with careful planning in the neighborhoods, to prevent it and the consequences of its destructive somewhat reduced. At the end of the research priorities for action and proposed solutions from the municipal administration, and how to take advantage of popular groups and NGOs, organizing and empowering communities in informal settlements presented. The results show the user the current status of residential neighborhoods to improve informal settlements in the city Eslamshahr in relation to reducing the damage caused by the earthquake, And other crises, implementation of the modernization, improvement and empowerment in older tissues, Monitoring bodies active in the construction of urban and raising awareness of residents in the use of durable materials, the most important strategies, which are the top priorities for action.