نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی -پژوهشی کاربردی
1 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه پیام نور
2 عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه پیام نور
3 کارشناس ارشد جغرافیا و برنامهریزی روستایی
عنوان مقاله [English]
According to the reports and statistics given by the World Organization of Tourism, today tourism has become one of the most popular and widely practiced economic activities. It is considered as a major source of income in more than 150 countries. In this regard, the activities related to hospitality and catering of tourists make up an essential part of the tourism economy with a great potential to create employment and income, especially in rural areas. Due to this important issues and positive effects of tourism activities on the economy and life the less advantaged, knowing the capacity of tourist areas is necessary to organize activities and tourist places possible in order to increase the satisfaction of tourists, and more economic feasibility for the host community as well the protection of ecosystems. Thus, the study aim is to identify the permitted areas of opportunity in Golmakan, Chenaran city as a recreational resort around the city in order to establish permanent and temporary tourism residence. The research method is descriptive - analytical and applied, done through documentary and field study. To analyze the data, hierarchical model (AHP) and GIS software is used. In hierarchical moded (AHP), the factors that influence zoning were obtained by related experts and then weighed, and in the end, standards (layers) obtained were combined according to the weight of each criterion by overlay functions in GIS software. Each zone score was obtained with respect to the factors and weights. The findings show that the proposed criteria are majorly based on natural beauties of the region. Accordingly, the regions in Golmakan to accommodate and establish tourism settlements can be divided into prohibited, conditional and permitted. This research showed that there are only 17% of the allowed zones with high potential for the establishment of residential centers that should be considered for investment and construction of the facility.