عنوان مقاله [English]
Spatial justice is one of the most important topics that has a great deal to do with social justice and development. The purpose of this article is to analyze and examine the relationship between spatial justice and social justice and development.The main question of the paper is how does spatial justice relate to social justice and how do these two affect the development of geographical units? The research hypothesis is that without justice development does not make sense, but of course justice has different types and dimensions. Spatial justice as one of the types of justice is rooted in social justice.The method of this paper is descriptive-analytical in which it will be attempted to analyze the topic using scientific and research articles as well as library resources.The results of the paper show that injustice cannot be confined to measuring economic inequalities, because space is a fundamental dimension of human society and social justice is flowing in space, and both justice and injustice appear in space. Hence the analysis of the interplay between space and society in understanding social inequalities and howPlanning policy discipline is necessary to reduce or eliminate them. Failure to include the "principle of social justice" will lead to the formation of social damages, including crime, crime, poverty, corruption, urban ill-health and so on.On the other hand, an important part of the innovative science of sustainable development emphasizes the importance of social equality. Since the late 1960s, the concept and function of social justice has been incorporated into geographical literature, affecting radical and liberal geography more than any other school.Issues such as social welfare, severe inequalities, poverty, outbreaks, racism, ethnicism, crime, life expectancy, female originality, and homogeneity that were hitherto forgotten in geography are rapidly becoming the focus of attention by geographers and anyone. These topics have their own geography.One of the most important consequences of the accelerated growth of urbanization and physical development of cities in recent decades has been the collapse of the distribution system of urban service centers, which has created the social inequality of citizens in accessing these services.