ارزیابی مؤلفه‌های تأثیرگذار بر برنامه‌ریزی و سیاست‌گذاری مسکن روستایی در ایران (مطالعه موردی: روستاهای شهرستان ماسال/ گیلان)

نوع مقاله : مقاله های برگرفته از رساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری معماری، گروه معماری، واحد خلخال، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، خلخال، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

3 هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد رشت

4 استادیار معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

برنامه‌ریزی و سیاست‌گذاری مسکن روستایی در ایران که به‌طور جدی توسط بنیاد مسکن انقلاب اسلامی پیگیری و اجرا می‌شود؛ به دنبال ارائه‌ی الگوی مطلوب مسکن برای ساکنان روستایی می‌باشد. با توجه به اهمیت برنامه‌ریزی مسکن روستایی، هدف از تحقیق حاضر ارزیابی مؤلفه‌های تأثیرگذار بر برنامه‌ریزی مسکن روستایی در شهرستان ماسال و شناسایی نقاط قوت و ضعف آنها می‌باشد. در این راستا، روش تحقیق آمیخته با رویکرد کمی-کیفی بوده که از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر ماهیت توصیفی- تحلیلی می‌باشد. جامعه‌ی آماری تحقیق شامل مسئولان و کارشناسان حوزه‌ی مسکن روستایی در بنیاد مسکن انقلاب اسلامی شهرستان ماسال/گیلان بوده است، که حجم نمونه با استفاده از فرمول کوکران تعداد 383 نفر به‌دست آمده و با استفاده از فرمول اصلاح شده‌ی کوکران به تعداد 340 نفر تقلیل یافته است. به‌منظور تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات تحقیق نیز از روش حداقل مربعات جزئی در نرم‌افزار Smart-pls استفاده شده است. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان می‌دهد که 5 متغیر اصلی و 24 متغیر فرعی مورد بررسی، تأثیر برنامه‌ها و سیاست‌گذاری‌ها در برنامه‌ریزی مسکن روستایی را 903/0 درصد و تنها با از دست دادن 097/0 درصد تبیین می‌کنند. همچنین بیشترین اثرگذاری در بین مؤلفه‌های مورد بررسی در برنامه‌ریزی مسکن روستایی مربوط به مؤلفه‌های اقتصادی و کمی و کمترین تأثیرگذاری مربوط به مؤلفه‌ی کیفی به ترتیب با امتیاز 856/0، 811/0 و 326/0 می‌باشد. از طرفی شاخص نیکویی برازش مدل GOF برای اندازه‌گیری برازش مدل‌های اندازه‌گیری و ساختاری مقدار 522/0 به دست آمده است که از مطلوبیت کلی مدل ساختاری تحقیق حکایت دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of components affecting rural housing planning and policy in Iran (Case study: Masal county villages/Guilan)

نویسندگان [English]

  • javad Hemmati Lohesara 1
  • Hojjattollah Rrashid kolvir 2
  • Nasrollah Molaei hashjin 3
  • hasan akbari 4
1 Ph.D. Student of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Khalkhal Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khalkhal, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
3 Professor, Department of Geography, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
4 Assistant Professor of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Rural Housing Planning and Policy in Iran, which is seriously pursued and implemented by the Housing Foundation of Islamic Revolution; It seeks to provide a favorable housing model for rural residents. Given the importance of rural housing planning, the aim of this study is to evaluate the components affecting rural housing planning in Masal city and identify their strengths and weaknesses. In this regard, the research method is mixed with quantitative-qualitative approach, which is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of nature. The statistical population of the study included officials and experts in the field of rural housing in the Housing Foundation of the Islamic Revolution of Masal County/Guilan. The sample size was 383 people using Cochran's formula and 340 people were reduced using Cochran's modified formula. In order to analyze the research information, has been used of partial least squares method in Smart-pls software. The research findings show that the 5 main variables and 24 sub-variables studied explain the effect of programs and policies in rural housing planning as 0.903% and only with the loss of 0.977%. Also, the highest impact among the components studied in rural housing planning is related to economic and quantitative components and the lowest impact is related to quality component with score of 0.856, 0.811 and 0.326, respectively. On the other hand, the GOF fitness index for measuring the fit of the measurement and structural models is 0.522, which indicates the overall utility of the structural model of the research.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • planning
  • Housing Planning
  • rural housing
  • Masal County
Malekhosseini, A, Dargahi, M, M. (2011). Typology of Rural Textures in Iran. Journal of Geography and Urban Planning of Zagros Landscape, 3(7), 159-184. [In Persian].
Amar, T., (2013). Physical developments of rural settlements of Guilan province in order to develop a physical development model. Physical Development Planning, 2(4), 60-72. [In Persian].
Pourlmer, S, H., (2014). Typology of traditional houses of Talesh County, Case study: Khalehsara 57 village. Housing and rural environment, 33(147), 117-131. [In Persian].
Rezvani, M., R., (2011). Introduction to Rural Development Planning in Iran, (2nd Ed.). Tehran: Qomes Publishing. [In Persian].
Zandieh, M, Hesari, P. (2012). Continuation of Rural Housing Architecture with Motivation for Sustainable Rural Development, Housing and Rural Environment, 31(138), 63-72. [In Persian].
Leng, J. (2012). Creation of architectural theory. Translated by Alireza Einifar, Tehran: University of Tehran Press. [In Persian].
Haji Ebrahim Zargar, A. (2009). An Introduction to Understanding Rural Architecture in Iran. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University Press. [In Persian].
Masaeli, S. (2009). Hidden map as an achievement of religious beliefs in Iranian desert traditional housing. Honarha-ye-Ziba, 37, 27-38. [In Persian].
Tolon, B. (1995). Housing Geography. Translated by Mohammad Zaheri, Tabriz: Tarbiat Moallem University Press. [In Persian].
Ghasemi Ardahae, A, Rostamalizadeh, V. (2012). Effects of Rural Housing Loans on Rural Life Changes. Housing and Rural Environment, 31(139), 67-84. [In Persian].
Alinaghipour, M. Pourramezan, E. (2014). Assessing the Effects of Hadi Project Implementation on Physical Development of Rural Settlements in the Central District of Rasht, Studies of Human Settlements Planning, 9(29), 101-113. [In Persian].
Sartipypour, M, Nedayi Tosi, S, Shorakhaji, S. (2019). Evaluation of special plan for improvement and renovation of rural housing from the perspective of desirable and sustainable rural housing indicators. Honarha-ye-Ziba, 24(1), 29-44. [In Persian].
Lotfi, H, Ahmadi, A, Hassanzadeh Farjod, D. (2009). Necessary indicators and components in rural housing planning and policy in Iran. Amayesh, 3(7), 89-109.
Boshagh, M, R, Taghdisi, A, Amrayi, A, A. (2014). Examination and assessment of rural housing sustainability (case study: Malavi real area, Poldokhtar township). Geographical Research, 29(3), 129-146. [In Persian].
Banski, J, Wesołowska, M., (2010). Transformations in housing construction in rural areas of Poland's Lublin region-Influence on the spatial settlement structure and landscape aesthetics. Landscape and Urban Planning, 94 (28), 116-126.
Donovana, K, Gkartziosb, M. (2014). Architecture and rural planning: ‘Claiming the vernacular’. Land Use Policy, 41, 334–343.
Guanghui, J, Xin, H, Yanbo, Q, Ruijuan, Z, Yuan, M. (2016). Functional evolution of rural housing land: A comparative analysis across four typical areas representing different stages of industrialization in China. Land Use Policy, 57, 645–654.
Westaway, M, S. (2006). A longitudinal investigation of satisfaction with personal and environmental quality of life in an informal South African housing settlement، Doornkop, Soweto. Habitat International, 30, 175–189.
Schwartz, A, F. (2006). Housing policy in the United States. Routledge: Taylor and Francis Grop, New York, London.
Yuliastuti, N., Saraswati, N., (2014). Environmental quality in urban settlement: the role of local community association in east Semarang sub-district. Procedia Soc. Behav. Sci. 135, 31–35.
Gallent, N, Robinson, S. (2011). Local perspectives on rural housing affordability and implications for the localism agenda in England, 27 (3), 297-307.
Gallent, N., Scott, M., (2019). Housing and sustainable rural communities. In: Scott, M., Gallent, N., Gkartzios, M. (Eds.), Routledge Companion to Rural Planning. Routledge, London, 261–272.
Yang, X., Jiang, Y., Yang, M., Shan, M., (2010). Energy and environment in Chinese rural housing: Current status and future perspective. [Online]: http://www.unisder.org.Energy Power Eng. China, 35–46.
Gkartzios, M, Scott, M. (2013). Attitudes to housing and planning policy in rural localities: Disparities between long-term and mobile rural populations in Ireland. Land Use Policy 31, 347– 357.
Alnsour, J., Meaton, J. (2014). Housing conditions in Palestinian refugee camps. Jordan cities journal, 36(1), 65–73.
Gallent, N, Hamiduddin, I, Stirling, P, Kelsey, J (2019). Prioritising local housing needs through land-use planning in rural areas: Political theatre or amenity protection?, Journal of Rural Studies, 66, 11–20.