عنوان مقاله [English]
Biophilic architecture is in fact designed and constructed according to nature in mind. Of course, biofilm design does not mean we can make our buildings green with grass and vegetation and simply enhance their attractiveness and beauty using trees and shrubs. Rather, the subject of our discussion is much more than that about the place of humanity in nature as well as the place and place of the natural world in human society. The purpose of this paper is to compare the impact of biofuel architecture on the design of traditional and modern houses (Case Study: Gorgan City). The research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in nature. The method of data collection is also documentary and field. One-sample t-test was used to evaluate the research questions. The results show that attention is paid to the principles and characteristics of biophilic architecture when designing and executing traditional and modern houses in Gorgan in the following aspects: visual and non-visual relation with nature, unbalanced sensory stimulation, thermal variability and Airflow, scattered light emission, biomorphic patterns and forms, complexity and order, landscape, refuge, etc. have a major impact on improving their quality and consequently increasing their residents' satisfaction. Although these principles are now fully observed in the design of traditional houses in Gorgan, but in the design of modern houses out of the 18 principles outlined, only 10 principles are visible. That requires follow-up to apply other factors in the design of modern homes.