تبیین رویکرد تاثیرات اجتماعی نوسازی بافت فرسوده در محله اتابک تهران

نوع مقاله : مقاله های برگرفته از رساله و پایان نامه

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار جغرافیا و برنامه‌ریزی شهری، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز تهران جنوب، ایران.

4 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

با گسترش مهارگسسته و با گذشت چند دهه بافت‌های زیست پذیر کلان‌شهر تهران به سمت فرسودگی و ناهنجاری‌های اجتماعی حرکت نموده است. شهر تهران در برخی مناطق خود با این مسئله به طور جدی مواجه است. از این رو پژوهشگر با انتخاب محله اتابک این مهم را مورد پژوهش دقیق قرار داده است. یکی از مهم‌ترین اهداف پژوهش حاضر عبارت است از تبیین رویکرد تأثیرات اجتماعی نوسازی بافت فرسوده در محله اتابک تهران و آگاهی از نیازهای ساکنین محله مورد مطالعه، چهارچوب نظری تحقیق مبتنی بر رویکرد تلفیقی مشتمل بر تأثیرات اجتماعی، فرهنگی و اقتصادی بافت فرسوده است. روش تحقیق مبتنی بر تدوین پرسشنامه محقق ساخته و بررسی مطالعات پیشین بنا شده است. پرسشنامه محقق ساخته مؤلفه‌های اجتماعی فرهنگی و اقتصادی را با تأکید بر همه فاکتورهای تأثیرگذار در 50 گویه اصلی مورد سنجش قرار داده است. حجم نمونه نیز با استفاده از فرمول کوکران انتخاب گردید و تعداد 377 نفر از شهروندان محدوده مورد مطالعه جهت پاسخگوئی انتخاب گردیدند. جهت گردآوری داده‌ها و اطلاعات از اسناد کتابخانه‌ای و مطالعات میدانی (توزیع پرسشنامه) بهره برده شده است و تجزیه‌ و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS19 و آزمون T تک نمونه‌ای، پیرسون صورت گرفته است، روایی و پایایی پرسشنامه با انجام پیش آزمون با ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای تمامی معیارها مورد تأیید قرار گرفته است. نتایج به دست آمده نیز حاکی از این است که در بین مؤلفه‌های اقتصادی و اجتماعی رابطه مطلوب و معناداری وجود دارد که با تقویت آن می‌توان مهم‌ترین موانع را جهت دستیابی توسعه پایدار محلی به دست آورد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining the approach of social effects of renovation of worn-out tissue in Atabak neighborhood of Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Behzad Kakavand 1
  • Rajabi Azita 2
  • Afshin Safahan 3
  • Ardavan Behzad 4
1 PhD Student in Geography-Urban Planning, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran, this article is from the doctoral dissertation. 09126933817
2 Associate Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Payame Noor University, South Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Urban Planning, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

With the expansion of the blockade and the passage of decades, the biodegradable tissues of the metropolis of Tehran have moved towards burnout and social anomalies. In some areas, the city of Tehran is facing this serious problem. Therefore, the researcher has carefully researched this issue by selecting Atabak neighborhood. One of the most important goals of the present study is to explain the approach of social effects of renovation of worn-out tissue in Atabak neighborhood of Tehran and awareness of the needs of residents of the study neighborhood. The research method is based on compiling a researcher-made questionnaire and reviewing previous studies. The researcher-made questionnaire assessed the socio-cultural and economic components by emphasizing all the influential factors in the 50 main items. The sample size was also selected using Cochran's formula and 377 citizens of the study area were selected for response. In order to collect data and information, library documents and field studies (distribution of questionnaires) have been used and data analysis has been done using SPSS19 software and single sample T-test, Pearson, the validity and reliability of the questionnaire has been done before. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient test was approved for all criteria. The results also indicate that there is a favorable and significant relationship between economic and social components, which can be strengthened to achieve the most important obstacles to achieving sustainable local development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Worn tissue
  • improvement
  • Renovation
  • Atabak Neighborhood
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