عنوان مقاله [English]
Climate change has been accepted as one of the new challenges that affects the international community from different dimensions, so that in addition to the existence of several related international conventions, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change The climate and the Paris Convention have also entered the discussions of the United Nations Security Council. However, it seems that the major problems in combating climate change are directed at the developing countries rather than the developed countries, and this has been proven for several major scientific reasons, because despite the fact that the governments Developed countries are the largest producers of greenhouse gases in the world, but developing or less developed countries are exposed to the most negative effects of climate change. The drying up of pastures, increasing air temperature, consecutive droughts or torrential rains, which also bring many environmental risks, are aimed at developing and less developed countries. Developing and less developed countries have the least technological capabilities in the field of combating climate change. Technologies related to climate change that are responsible for mitigation and adaptation are mainly created in developed countries. And intellectual property rights protect these technologies as valuable assets. Special property monopolies create technological challenges and opportunities in dealing with climate change. This research, which was carried out with a descriptive-analytical approach, the main question is how the international legal system has formed the legal regime in the field of climate change, and then we aim to do this with regard to the international legal regime of climate change. What are the challenges and opportunities of technology transfer?