عنوان مقاله [English]
Regional organizations are a subset of international organizations that include countries that are geographically close to each other and are grouped together for specific purposes based on mutual rights and equality of governments. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization is one of the important regional organizations that, despite the many challenges in various dimensions, has important and extensive political, economic and geopolitical capacities to strengthen cooperation and convergence between the countries of the region. The Islamic Republic of Iran is one of the countries that, on the one hand, due to regional proximity and the existence of ties and common interests, and on the other hand, due to political pressures and then sanctions imposed by the United States, since its inception in 2001, wants to join It first became a member of the SCO Observer in 2005 and then applied for permanent membership in 2008, for a variety of reasons (UN Security Council sanctions on nuclear issues, conservative positions). Karaneh and sometimes in opposition to some members of the organization, etc.) was postponed, which was finally accepted by the members in September 2021.