بررسی نقش گردشگری ساحلی در توسعه اقتصادی از نظر شهروندان (مطالعه موردی: بندردیلم)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی -پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد یاسوج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، یاسوج، ایران

2 استادیار گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری، واحد مرودشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مرودشت، ایران

چکیده

گردشگری صنعتی است که توسعه آن نیازمند آگاهی و شناخت کافی از مسائل و عوامل مؤثر اقتصادی، اجتماعی و فرهنگی است. بدون آگاهی از امکانات موجود در هر منطقه، امکان برنامه­ریزی و پیش­بینی علمی و اصولی وجود نخواهد داشت. درواقع شناخت توان­های طبیعی، اقتصادی، اجتماعی و غیره در هرمنطقه، به برنامه­ریز این امکان را می­دهد تا براساس وضع موجود و توان­های منطقه، توسعه و جهت آن را شناسایی کند.بنابراین در این راستا جهت بررسی اثرات اقتصادی گردشگری ساحلی بر توسعه منطقه، نظرات شهروندان در خصوص توسعه فعالیت های گردشگری در وضعیت معیشت و زندگی شهروندان دیلمی، مورد پیمایش و بررسی قرار گرفته است. روش تحقیق در این پیمایش توصیفی ـ تحلیلی است و جامعه آماری این تحقیق جمعیت25730 نفری بندر دیلم می باشد که از طریق محاسبه فرمول کوکران، تعداد 378 نفر به عنوان نمونه و به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شده است.با استنتاج و تحلیل یافته های حاصل از پرسشنامه، روابط بین متغیرها از طریق آماره های توصیفی( نظیر جداول و نمودارهای توصیفی و ...) و آماره استنباطی (آزمون T)، با استفاده از قابلیت های نرم افزارSPSS مورد ارزیابی و تحلیل قرار گرفته است. نتایج تحقیق نشان می دهد که وجود فعالیت های وابسته به گردشگری ساحلی و انجام اقدامات وابسته به آن با توسعه اقتصادی منطقه دارای ارتباطی معنادار در سطح 0.05 و سطح معناداری 0.000 p=می باشد.این رابطه معنادار به اندازه ای است که اغلب شهروندان نقش گردشگری و به ویژه گرشگری ساحلی را در توسعه اقتصادی و پایدار منطقه موثر می دانند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Role of Coastal Tourism in Citizen's Economic Development (Case Study: Port Deylam)

نویسندگان [English]

  • reza darvishi 1
  • mohammadreza rezaei 2
  • shamsoldini ali 2
1 Marvdasht Azad University
2 Master Department of Geography and urban planning, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht , Iran
چکیده [English]

Industrial tourism, whose development requires knowledge and adequate knowledge of the factors affecting economic, social and cultural factors. Without the knowledge of the facilities available in each region, there will be no possibility of planning and scientific prediction. In fact, the recognition of natural, economic, social, etc. power in each region, allows planners to identify, based on the status quo, and the capabilities of the region, its development and direction. Therefore, in order to investigate the effects Economic tourism on the development of the region, the views of citizens on the development of tourism activities in the living conditions and life of the citizens of Deylam, has been surveyed. The research method is descriptive-analytic in this survey. The statistical population of this research is the population of 25730 people in Bandar Deylam. By computing the Cochran formula, 378 individuals were selected as sample and randomly. By deducing and analyzing the findings of the questionnaire , The relationships between variables through descriptive statistics (such as descriptive tables, etc.) and inferential statistics (T test), have been evaluated and analyzed using SPSS software capabilities. The results of the research show that the existence of coastal tourism related activities and its related activities with the economic development of the region has a significant relationship at the level of 0.05 and a significant level of p =0/000. This relationship is significant to the extent that most citizens consider the role of tourism, and in particular coastal tourism, in effective economic development and sustainable development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Coastal Tourism
  • Citizens' Satisfaction
  • Port Deylam

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