ارزیابی مؤلفه‌های کیفیت محیط بر میزان حضور مردم در پارک‌ها (مطالعه‌ی موردی: 5 پارک در مقیاس‌های مختلف در شهر بندرعباس)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی -پژوهشی

نویسنده

باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، واحد بندرعباس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بندرعباس، ایران استادیار گروه معماری، واحد بندرعباس، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بندرعباس، ایران

چکیده

پارک‌ها بعنوان نقاط مهمی در شهر که نقش مهمی در ایجاد فرصت برای انجام فعالیت‌های تفریحی دارند و بعنوان فضای گردهمایی در محلات شناخته می‌شود که بر توسعه‌ی اقتصادی شهر تأثیر می‌گذارند. این تحقیق به بررسی و ارزیابی ویژگی‌های فیزیکی پارک که شامل راحتی، امنیت، دسترسی، زیبایی و امکانات می‌باشد و ارتباط آن با میزان حضور مردم می‌پردازد. 5 پارک در مقیاس‌های مختلف همسایگی، محله، بین محله، منطقه و شهری در منطقه یک بندرعباس بعنوان نمونه انتخاب شد و با طرح پرسشنامه دیدگاه مردم در ارتباط با این 5 مؤلفه و میزان دفعات حضور مردم در پارک‌ها نیز مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. جامعه آماری تحقیق حداقل 384 نفر در نظر گرفته شد که به منظور از بین بردن اثر مقادیر بیپاسخ احتمالی 450 نمونه بطور مساوی بین 5 پارک توزیع شد و با استفاده از نرم افزار Smart-PLS ارتباط این ویژگی‌های فیزیکی پارک و میزان حضور مردم در پارک‌ها سنجیده شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد ارتباط معناداری بین امنیت، زیبایی و دسترسی با تعداد دفعات حضور مردم در فضاهای سبز وجود دارد و ارتباط معنا داری بین امکانات و راحتی پارک‌ها با حضور مردم دیده نشد. با این حال، این پژوهش پیشنهاد می‌دهد ارتقا کیفی یک یا دو ویژگی نمی‌تواند به افزایش حضور مردم در پارک‌ها کمک کند، توجه به تمام ویژگی‌ها می‌تواند به افزایش حضور مردم در فضاهای سبز منجر شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of the Quality of Place on Park Utilization (Case study: 5 Parks in Different Scales in Bandar Abbas)

نویسنده [English]

  • Zeinab Aliyas
Young Researchers and Elite Club, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Public parks have central roles in urban planning and urban health. However, recently, in developing countries they have started to lose their significance due to fast redevelopment in these countries. The study explores the role of park features including aesthetics, facility and amenity, access, safety and comfort in related to park utilization. Five parks in different scales including pocket park, neighborhood park, community park, regional park and urban park from zone one in Bandar Abbas city were selected as samples of the study. The study used questionnaire survey to determine the relationship between park features and its utilization. 540 questionnaire were distributed in studied parks equally and finally 391 questionnaires were qualified to be used for the study. The study used Smart-PLS to evaluate the relationship between park features and its utilization. The findings showed the significant relationship between safety, aesthetics and access with park utilization. The study didn’t find any significant relationship between facility and amenity, and comfort with park utilization. Moreover, it was revealed that most of the participants don’t use parks frequently. Majority of them used the park once a week or less. Although the study didn’t find the significant relationship between some park features and its utilization but the study suggests that to promote people to use more public parks, increasing the quality of one or two features would not increase the general quality of parks and park utilization. In this regards, it is suggested, to increase park utilization, designers should consider all features of parks.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Comfort
  • Aesthetics
  • Access
  • safety
  • Facility and Amenity
  • Park Utilization

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