نقش مدیریت سبز شهری در توسعه گردشگری پایدار محله تجریش

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی -پژوهشی کاربردی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا برنامه ریزی شهری، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

2 استاد دانشکده علوم زمین دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار دانشکده علوم زمین دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

روش پژوهش توصیفی-تحلیلی و از لحاظ هدف کاربردی-توسعه ای میباشد. شیوه نمونه گیری بصورت تصادفی- و حجم جامعه آماری 150 نفر انتخاب شده است. روش جمع آوری اطلاعات به دو کتابخانه ای و میدانی بوده است که در تحلیل داده های میدانی از آزمون های آلفای کرون باخ و اسپیرمن، استفاده شده است. از ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﺎی ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﮔﺮدﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ، ﭼﻮن ﺳﻄﺢ ﻣﻌﻨﻲ داری در آزﻣﻮن ﻣﻘﺪار P=0 ، ﻳﻌﻨﻲ از ﻣﻘﺪار 0,05 ﻛﻮﭼﻜﺘﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ سپس پایایی بین گویه‌ها از طریق آلفای کرونباخ مورد آزمون قرار گرفت آلفای به دست آمد71/0 است که نشان‌دهنده پایایی خوبی است. ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮاﻳﻦ ﻓﺮض ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮدد. در خصوص تحلیل پایداری اجتماعی محله تجریش با توجه به آنالیز داده ها می توان بیان کرد با وجود قدمت محله تجریش و حس تعلق مکانی و هویت محله شاخص اجتماعی پایداری در محله با امتیاز 53/3 بیشترین افزایش را نسبت به دیگر شاخص ها داشته است و این متأثر ازمکان هایی است که افراد یک محله را گرد هم جمع می نماید. از نظر نقطه ضعف پایداری اجتماعی در محله تجریش شاخص میزان رضایت از زندگی با امتیاز 2 به دلیل شرایط ناپایدار اقتصادی و معیشتی در کشور و نبود برنامه ریزی مناسب برای تمامی گروه های سنی از جمله تفریح، سرگرمی و سلامت پایین تر از حد مورد نظر می باشد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of urban green Management in a sustainable tourism development in Tajrish neighborhood

نویسندگان [English]

  • Neda Bagheri 1
  • Mohammad Taqi Razavian 2
  • Jamileh Tavakoli Nia 3
1 Ph.D. Student, Geography - Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran,Iran.
2 Professor of Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, iran.
3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In this regard, the neighboring neighborhoods of Tajrish were selected as a case study, the first urban management was studied in these neighborhoods, and the green management indicators were studied and finally the effect on the neighborhood tourism was evaluated. What is more all in this sustainability is the participation rate of the community is of the most important cases of achieving the participation of civil institutions and political parties, which is the only development of the researcher as freedom, the research method is descriptive-analytic and in terms of applied-development purpose. The method of sampling was randomly-and the statistical population of 150 people was selected. The method of collecting data in two libraries and fields has been used in analyzing field data of Cronbach's α and Spearman Alpha. The findings of this study showed that, because the significant level of P = 0, the amount of 0, 05 smaller, then the reliability between the items was tested through Cronbach's alpha was obtained by Alpha 0.71, which indicates a good reliability. Therefore, the assumption of research is confirmed. In regard to analysis of the social sustainability of Tajrish neighborhood, according to the data analysis, it can be stated that, despite the history of Tajrish neighborhood and the sense of spatial belonging and identity of the social index of sustainability in the neighborhood with the score of 53.3, has had the highest increase compared to other indicators and this is influenced by People gather a community together.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Urban Green Management
  • sustainable development
  • Tourism
  • Neighborhood
 Shamaei,Ali & Pour Ahmad, Ahmad:1383, Tahlili Bar siyasatha v Barnamehaye Behsazi va Nosazi Shahri, dar barnamehaye toseh Keshvar, shomareh48, PajoheshhayeJoghrafiyaei

Lahsaeizadeh, Abdollali, 1382, Jameeh shenasi Toseeh, Entesharat Daneshgah Payam Noor,Tehran

Shakoei, Hosein,1384. Andisheh haye No dar Falsafeh Ghoghraphia,jeld 2, Gita Shenasi,Tehran

Tavakoliniya, Jamileh & Ostadi sisi Mansour, 1388, Paydari Mahalehaye kalanshahr Tehran baTakid bar Amalkard Shorayariha, nemone Moredi Mahaleh Evin, Darakeh, Velenjak, Faslnameh Pajohesh Geography Ensani, shomareh 70

Todaro, Michael, Motarjem GholamAli Farjadi,1382, Toseeh Eghtesad Keshavarzi  dar jahan 3, Entesharat Moaseseh  Aly Pajohesh dar Barname riziaToseeh,

Mohandesin Moshaver Baft Shahr, 1386, Tarhe Tafzily Mantaghe 1 Shahr Tehran, Dastgah Bahreh Bardar Moavenat Shahrsazi va memari Shahrdari Tehran

Bezi, Khodarahm, (1389), Tourism Farhangi AMEL Toseh Paydar Mantagheei,

Sazman Gahani Gahangardi, 1379, Barnamerizi Tourism dar Sathe Meli va mantagheei Jahangardi, tarjomeh Mahmod Abdollahzadeh, Tehran, Daftar Pajohesh Farhangi.

Barapour, Korosh(1387), Sanjesh Vazeyat Paydari Toseh  Mahali Dar Kelardasht Ba Estefadeh az yek Olgoye Rhbordi, Pajohesh haye Joghrafiyaei, Daneshgah Tehran, Shomareh 63 pp.17

Bell, Simon & Estefan, Mors(1385), Sanjesh Paydari, Tarjomeh Naser ShanoshiT Siyavash Dehghanian va Faris Azin< Entesharat Daneshgah Ferdosi Mashhad.

Lomesdon, Les (1380), Bazaryabi Gardeshgari, Tarjomeh Mohammad Ebrahim Goharian, Tehran: Nashr Daftar Pajohesh hay Farhangi.

Ghadiri Masom, Mojtaba, Alireza Estelaji, Masomeh Pazoki (1389), Gardeshgari Paydar, Tehran, Entesharat Daneshgah Tehran.

Inskeep, E.L. (1991) Tourism planning—An integrated and sustainable development approach. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1991:22.

Inskeep, E. (1994), National and Regional Tourism Planning Mythologies & Case Studies, Routledge, London.

Todaro, Michael P. (1969). “A Model of Labor Migration and Urban Unemployment in Less Developed Countries”, American Economic Review,

WCED (World Commission on Environment) (1987) Our Common Future (Brundlandt Report), World Commission on Environment and Development, Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Young, S C (2000) Introduction: the origins and evolving nature of ecological modernization , in young, S C  (eds) The Emergence of Ecological Modernization: Integrating the Environment and the Economy? London, Routledge.

Yang, J. Zhang, F. Jiang, X. Sun, W. (2015). Strategic flexibility, green management, and firm competitiveness in an emerging economy. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 1-10

Maroušek, J., Zeman, R., Vaníčková, R. Hašková, S. (2014). New concept of urban green management. Clean Techn Environ Policy, 16:8, 1835–1838.

Tran, B. (2009). GREEN MANAGEMENT: THE REALITY OF BEING GREEN IN BUSINESS. Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science, 21-45.

Frank, B. (2009). The role of "green management" in the implementation of the concept of social responsibility. Available at: www.irdo.si/skupni-cd/cdji/cd-irdo-2010/images/3-4-7-frank.pdf

Jarvis, N., Weeden, C., & Simcock, N. (2010). The benefits and challenges of sustainable tourism certification: A case study of the Green Tourism Business Scheme in the West of England. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 17, 83–93.

Making Tourism More Sustainable - A Guide for Policy Makers, UNEP and UNWTO, 2005, p.11-12.

YN, W. HY, Y. ZJ, H. (2012). Elementary Introduction to the Green Management of the Construction in Whole Process. Physics Procedia, 24, 1081 – 1085.

WTO(2001) Osaka Millennium declaration, Millennium Conference of Tourism Leaders, WTO, Osaka, Japan

WTO (2004) Tourism and Poverty Alleviation. Recommendations for Action, World Tourism Organization, Madrid.

WTO (2007), World Ecotourism Summit – Final Report in Quebec City, Canada. World Tourism Organization and the United Nations Environment Programmer. Madrid, Spain.137 pp.

Christie, I and Warburton, D (eds) (2001) From Here to Sustainability: The Politics of the Real World, London, Earth scan.

Sibeon, R (2002) Governance in Europe; Concepts, themes and process, in Istituto per II Lavoro

Putnam, R D (1993) Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, Princeton, New Jersey, Princeton University Press.

Skidmore, D (2001) Civil Society, Social Capital and economic development, in Global Society, vole 15, no 1, pp53-72:

 Joas, M, Gronholm, B and Mater, T (2001) Local Authorities Self-Assessment of Local Agenda 21 (LASALA) Identification of Good La21 Processes, Report of the LASALA.

Madanipour,A (2002) Editorial introduction: Collective action and social milieu, in Cars, G, Healey, P Madanipour, A and de Magalhaes, C (ds) Urban Governance, Institutional Capacity and Social Milieux,  Aldershot, Ashgate.

MaLoney, W Smith, G and Stoker, G (2000) Social Capital and urban governance: Adding a more contextualized top- down perspective, Political Studied, vol 48, in 4, pp 802

Hukkinen, J (1999) Institutions of Environmental management: Constructing Mental Models and Sustainability, EUI, Environmental Policy Series, London, Routledge.

Janicke, M (1997) The Political system s capacity for environmental policy, in Janicke, M and Weidner, H (eds) (1997) National Environmental Policies: A Comparative Study of Capacity Building, Berlin, Springer- Verlag References 137.

Olsen, B. (1994). Environmentally sustainable development and tourism: Lessons from Negril, Jamaica, Human Organization, Vol. 56, No 3.pp. 258-293.

Kousis, M. (2000), Tourism and the environmentL a social movements perspective, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol.27, No. 2, 484.

Rattanasuwongchai, N. (1998), Rural Tourism- the Impact on Rural Communities II, Thailand, food& Fertilizer Technology Center.

Bell, S. and Morse, S. (2003), Measuring Sustainability: Learning by Doing, Earth scan, London.

Rosland, Mark. sustainable community Development Integrating Environmental Economic and social objectives, community Economic Development center. Department of Geography. Simon Fraser university, 2000.

Simpson, L (2005) Community Informatics and sustainability: Why Social Capital Matters. Journal of Community Informatics, Vol (2).