نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی -پژوهشی کاربردی
1 استادیار جغرافیای طبیعی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام (ره)، تهران، ایران
2 کارشناس ارشد برنامهریزی توریسم، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The research method is survey and tools for data collection are questionnaires and in-depth interviews. The sample community is defined by classifying the stakeholders. Cochran method is used for tourists and local community. Business enterprises and state departments in Oraman takht were interviewed. Reliability and validity of questionnaire have been tested and confirmed by professors and Cronbach’s alpha method. Data analysis has been done using SPSS software. Questions in the interview are based on the views of professors and are in the form of open interview. The data collected have been analyzed first using the stakeholder theory and the classification of the four groups. During the identification of stakeholders, characteristics of each have been spotted. According to the findings of stakeholder theory, the research hypotheses have been evaluated on the basis of what characteristics each group has. There is a relative balance between features of power, legitimacy, and necessity in the Oraman takht. Quantitative results of hypothesis test showed that the relation between the variables of power, legitimacy and necessity. Stakeholders’ understanding of tourism impacts (dependent variable) were confirmed for local people and Oraman takht tourists, but the relation between power variable and stakeholders’ understanding of tourism impacts were not confirmed Oraman takht’s sample tourist community. Also in the analysis of interviews, all the relations were confirmed for sample communities of both business enterprises and government agencies in the Oraman takht, in regard to the impacts of tourism.