عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of the present research is to investigate the position of Shiism and Shiite imams in the travelogues of the Safavid era. The research method in this research is descriptive and analytical. The findings show that the researched travelogues are the first sources about the Shia religion. Most of these travelogues wrote these travelogues about Shiism with prejudice or intent. But the common feature of all this travelogue is that, according to these Orientalists, the Shiite religion has a very high place for Iranians. They have paid special attention to the Shiite opinion about Imamate and the way of choosing Imam Ali (AS), as well as the issue of backsliding and Mahdism. And they have explained how to appoint Imam, Mujtahid and Wali Faqih and some religious elites during the absence. As they themselves have directly visited Shiite pilgrimage sites such as Mashhad, Iraq, or Qom, they have described these religious places and believe that the construction of these places is very important for Shiites. They also discuss the importance of holding Shia religious ceremonies such as festivals and celebrations, Ashura ceremonies, Ramadan and Iranian worship, and ceremonies such as breast-shaking, slapping, chak-chako, and stoning rituals, and charity and excuses for Shias, and the presence of women. In this ceremony, they remember with a special cover.