عنوان مقاله [English]
With the formation of human societies and governments, a series of behaviors under the influence of factors such as customs, religion, economic and social interactions with other societies, etc. were taken into consideration as dos and don'ts. These cases are classified at different levels according to the degree of importance in such a way that some of them will face punishment if they are found guilty. Regarding the principles governing the criminalization of behavior, some cases have been stated, among which are: 1) the principle of harm: The most important principle and basis that countries rely on to justify the criminalization of behavior is the principle of harm. This case has been supported by scholars such as John Stuart Mill, Hart and Parker. These people believe that due to the great importance of human freedom, restrictions and criminalization should be applied in a place where there is a specific harm or danger to the individual or the society. be, he has no responsibility towards society, the only thing that can allow the use of force against people against his will in a civilized society is that he wants to prevent harm to others. Guardianship or legal patriarchy: father Monarchy means acting for the good of others without their consent, as a father does for his children. That is, like a father, he supervises the actions of his children and avoids anything he deems harmful to them, even by force.