عنوان مقاله [English]
The lack of logical distribution of facilities such as educational and training facilities is the main factors increasing the regional difference and decreasing the non-favorite distribution and reasonable application of environmental potentials, the favorite distribution of facilities and population. Nowadays, regional inequalities, in terms of poor planning in developing countries are observable. Reducing the level of inequalities, principal and logical utilization of environmental powers, optimal distribution of facilities and population, studies on cities and villages with a systemic view and identifying the degree of inequalities among settlements including important duties of regional planning. Therefore, the present study is to investigate West Azerbaijan and Miandoab using factor analysis technique and cluster analysis technique as well as 21 indices in the social-cultural grounds. The method of the research was descriptive-analytical. The result of applying factor analysis was dividing townships in 4 enjoying, relatively providing, deprived and very deprived. The findings of the research indicated that Miandoab has obtained the seventh rank with the score 0.78 among 17 townships of West Azerbaijan Province, which in other regions, 26.3 of cities were at the enjoying level, 35.29 percent were at the relatively enjoying, 23.52 percent were at the deprive level, and 17.64 percent of townships were at the very deprived level. Finally, using cluster analysis and drawing dendrogram graph, the townships were categorized into homogenous groups. In sum, the findings indicate the difference and inequalities of townships in enjoying the social-cultural indices. Therefore, paying attention to regional planning in line with eliminating inequalities and distributing justly the facilities and developing the region is a vital and necessary issue.